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Tenth Sikh Guru Shri Guru Gobind Singh

  The tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born on the Saptami Tithi, Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of the Moon) in the month of Poh (Paush) in 1666 according to the Nanakshahi calendar. The date, however, as per the Gregorian calendar varies every year. This year, Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti will be observed on January 20. Read on to know more about the Sikh Guru.
Sikhs shall observe the 354th birth anniversary of their tenth guru this year. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the only son of Guru Tegh Bahadur (the ninth Sikh Guru) and Mata Gujri. He was born in Patna, and the Takht Sri Patna Harimandar Sahib in the city is dedicated to him.
He was anointed as the tenth Sikh Guru at the tender age of nine after his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was beheaded under Mughal ruler Aurangzeb's orders.
Guru Gobind Singh institutionalised the Khalsa or the warrior community after choosing five men who volunteered to sacrifice their head. The five men, who were willing to give away their lives are referred to as the Panj Pyare or the first five Khalsa. He blessed the five men with Amrit (water mixed with sugar) and gave them the Singh (lion) title. Subsequently, he asked them to make him a Khalsa. The Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib near Anandpur, in the Indian state of Punjab, is said to be the place where the event took place. Sikhs gather here annually to celebrate the Hola Mohalla, a three-day festival during Holi.
Besides institutionalising the Khalsa, the tenth Guru composed the Dasam Granth. And he sanctified the Guru Granth Sahib as the fundamental scripture of the Sikh religion. The Guru added his wisdom to the holy book at the Damdama Sahib near Bhatinda in Punjab and subsequently consecrated it as the eleventh and the last Sikh Guru. And last but not least, the five features or the five Ks of the Sikh faith (the Panj Kakar) are attributed to Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Hence, Kesh (uncut hair), Kanga (comb), Kada (iron bracelet), Kaccha (underpants) and Kirpan ( a small sword) are integral parts of a Sikh's life. The Guru spent the last few years of his life in Nanded, Maharashtra. The Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, a pilgrimage site, was built here in the memory of Guru, the place where he breathed his last.